FAQs about adoption
What is Adoption?
Adoption is the legal and permanent transfer of parental rights from a person or couple to another person or couple. Adoptive parents have the same responsibilities and legal rights as biological parents.
What are forms of adoption?
There are 4 forms of adoption:
- Joint Adoption
- Step-parent Adoption
- Second Parent Adoption
- Single-parent Adoption
What is the cost to adopt?
The cost of adoption depends on a number of variables:
- Type of adoption you undertake
- Whether you work with an agency
- The province you reside in
- Any associated travel costs
Range of Adoption Costs
- Public (foster care): $0 – $3,000
- Licensed Private Agency: $10,000 – $20,000
- International: $20,000 – $30,000
How long does the adoption process take?
The process of adopting can range from 9 months to 9 years, depending upon different factors. If you are adopting internationally, the process varies according to the other country involved. One way to help speed up an adoption is to be educated, informed and as proactive as possible.
How do I begin the adoption process?
It is important to start by understanding how adoption itself works in your country. Each country has own legislation, requirements and guidelines for potential adoptive parents.
What is a homestudy?
In different provinces homestudy requirements differ from each other. It is an in-depth application and interview process conducted by a qualified social worker. Potential adoptive parents are interviewed and undergo various reference (police/background checks/home visits etc.).
Who are the children in foster care?
Average age of children placed in foster care is ten (though children range from infants to teenagers), they are placed in foster care because their biological families can no longer care for them. Usually, this is a result of abuse, neglect or abandonment.
What is the difference between a private agency and a public agency?
A public agency is the local branch of your provincial social service department responsible for finding adoptive families for children in their care.
A private agency is a provincially licensed organization which operates on a non-profit/profitable basis and typically specializes in domestic infant adoption and/or international adoption.
Are there age restrictions for IPs to adopt?
There are different factors which influence the issue:
- What type of adoption you undertake
- The agency you work with
- The ages of children being matched
- Intercountry requirements
You should ask this question doing your first research into the kind of adoption you pursue.
Can I adopt if I am single?
Yes! Contact your local agency to find out their applicable guidelines.
Can I adopt if I am gay or lesbian?
Yes but it depends on country. For example, in Canada, there are no legal prohibitions to same-sex adoption but some countries do not permit international adoptions by same-sex couples. You should contact your local agency to find out their applicable guidelines.
Where do I begin searching for waiting children?
Some provinces have photolistings on their websites and some private agencies may provide profile descriptions.