Egg donation – is a third party reproduction, it is the process by which a woman usually donates eggs for purposes of assisted reproduction. Egg donation involves IVF technology, with the eggs being fertilized in the laboratory.
There are three types of egg donation:
In an anonymous donation, the Intended Parents and donor never meet, speak, or exchange identifying information. In this type of donation there will be no contact between the IPs and the donor.
In a semi-anonymous donation, the IPs and donor will be given each others first names (last names will be kept anonymous). A phone conversation/email communication may be set up with the donor for the request of IPs.
In an open donation, the IPs and donor’s identity will be revealed to one another. They may choose to have a meeting in person, have a phone conversation or have communication via email.
Gay men usually use anonymous or open egg donation.
Before the program start all egg donors undergo following medical screening:
- Infectious disease screening
- Screening for inherited diseases
- Psychological screening
It should help the donor to evaluate a desire to donate and to understand whether donor will fulfill all requirements of egg donation process.
Also donor’s medical and psychological history will be checked.